Cannabinoids 101

The cannabis plant contains more than 460 compounds, at least 80 of which are cannabinoids: active chemical compounds that interact with cannabinoid receptors in the brain and body.

Cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) can be used as a medical therapy to treat various medical conditions.

Reduces nausea, muscle relaxant, antioxidant, relieves spasms, increases appetite, pain reliever, glaucoma pressure relief.
THC is the best-known cannabinoid and is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. It has also been found to be neuroprotective with analgesic (pain relieving) effects.

Anti-diabetic, antipsoriatic, bone stimulant, inhibits tumor cell growth, lupus and arthritis relief, reduces artery blockage, relaxes veins, and minimizes organ rejection.
CBD has been attributed with many medical benefits and has resulted in many strains being 'enriched' to increase their CBD content. Non-psychoactive.

Relieves spasms, pain reliever, sleep aid, anti-inflammatory, antioxident.
CBN is mildly to non-psychoactive and is generally attributed with a sedative effect. The typical amount of CBN found in most samples of cannabis is less than 1%.

Bone stimulant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, lowers blood pressure, relaxes veins.
CBC is the least understood cannabinoid, but potentially among the most important. It is believed to stimulate bone growth and inhibit inflammation. Non-psychoactive.

Decreases seizures, decreases appetite, bone stimulant.
THCV is psychoactive and an appetite suppressant. Recent research suggests that this compound may be helpful in treating metabolic disorders including diabetes.

Bone stimulant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, lowers blood pressure, inhibits tumor cell growth.
THCA is the most prominent compound in fresh, undried cannabis. While the compound does not have psychoactive effects in its own right, it does have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects.

Bone stimulant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, lowers blood pressure.
CBDA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. The compound is also thought to offer relief from nausea and vomiting.

Bone stimulant, epilepsy relief.
CBDV has been a relatively ignored cannabinoid until recently where researchers believe that it may offer another option for the treatment of epilepsy.

There are several different forms of chronic pain. Nerve pain may be best managed with CBD and THCA. Muscular pain often responds well to THC. A combination of THC and CBD can be useful for bone pain. Inflammatory pain can be managed with THCA or THC. Skeletal and internal muscle spasms can be relieved with CBD.

THC and its breakdown product, CBN, are particularly useful for aiding sleep.

CBD is the best remedy for anxiety, but at high doses can actually increase anxiety. THC can also be useful for anxiety, but only at low doses. Again, whether you’re using high CBD or high THC medicine, you should always start at a low dose and increase only gradually as needed to achieve the relief you’re seeking.